Sunday, January 26, 2020
Cebu Pacific A Time For Change Management Essay The airline Cebu Pacific Air (CEB) has been flying since March 1996 (Cebu Pacific Air 2010). It has experienced ups and downs when two of its fleets crashed, killing hundreds of people (Balatucan c. 2010). Yet despite the tragic incidents, CEB was able to rise and salvage its reputation, bringing it in as one of Southeast Asias most dominant airlines (Krinks 2002). Its status grew, giving it the license to have international flights through in the world. Cebu Pacific Air is especially well-known in Singapore, as one of the leading airlines who has flights nearly everyday in Singapore. Yet due to the economic crisis that is felt globally, CEB is letting go a portion of its loyal employees. Though it is painful for the company to do so, such measures are out of the managements hands as the wave of financial turmoil crash stronger and stronger daily. This is the perfect time for the company to regroup, so that Cebu Pacific Air could emerge as a stronger, better, and a safer airline whic h will be known throughout the world in the years to come. If the company will be able to rethink its management style, in particularly, people management, then more profit would be generated for the airline, and the company will be able to afford its lavish number of employees as well. 1 Introduction According to Manila Bulletin Publishing Corp. (2008), Cebu Pacific Air contributed 45% of the total domestic passenger traffic by carrying 2.57 million passengers in a span of six months in 2008 (from January to June). This means that in 2008, the company was able to generate lots of income and was a great donor to the Philippines annual revenue. Yet despite this, the economic crisis has not been kind to the company. Some employees had to be let go in order to adapt and give way for a better regrouping that will give Cebu Pacific Air a better leverage in the airline industry. Main competitor Philippine Airlines already bowed out of the race by having to retrench a lot of it people. Yet Air Philippines, a Philippine Airlines affiliate, was rumored to be headhunting the market for a Quality Assurance Director. Right now Cebu Pacific Air is also in need of a Quality Assurance Director to oversea the whole production and process of Cebu Pacific. What the company has now is Mr. Jose F. Buenaventura who directly reports to the Director, President and CEO of Cebu Pacific, Lance Gokongwei. Having a Quality Assurance Director will have its many advantages, therefore bringing the Cebu Pacific revenue higher than it has ever been. With the February 2, 1998 crash of Flight 387 which took 104 lives, and the May 3, 2006, Flight 393 crash which delayed flights in a local airport because of a failed aircraft part, Quality Assurance is not a question of want, but a necessity. It is important that the company changes its management style and employ a superbly qualified Quality Assurance director to ensure that future flights of Cebu Pacific will not suffer the same fate as the two flights mentioned above. 2010 has been a good year so far, by enabling the company to meet its 40 million passengers in the 999 pesos Go Lite Seat. Having met this milestone, the company will be able to proceed with more important and valuable projects which will increase the income of the airline. Despite the obvious growth of Cebu Pacific Air in the current years, expenses are mounting up, and these turbulent times globally should be taken advantage of. Cebu Pacific should sit back and regroup, taking its biggest and best thinkers into a room to determine the best course of action that will propel the company even higher than its standing today. The author believes that once Cebu Pacific changed its management style and employed the right Quality Assurance Director, more revenue will enter the companys portfolio. With proper planning, and correct execution of plans, Cebu Pacific could well be a household name in terms of flying, abolishing all traces of competitors greatness forever. 2 Background of the Company Cebu Pacific Air would cease to exist as it is known today without the efforts of John Gokongwei, who is the founder of this noble airline. He stared selling textiles and corn, created textile miles and explored food manufacturing before directly competing with San Miguel, one of the premier brands in the Philippines. Gokongwei continued to amass wealth by building shopping malls, hotels, compounds, real estate, among many others. His major companies include Digitel Corporation, Apo Cement, and Cebu Pacific Air (Krinks 2002). Cebu Pacific Air first graced the skies on March 1996. The company calls its clients as Juans, which is a typical Filipino name with affiliations to the poor. Because the company aims to give low fare, great value (Cebu Pacific Air 2010), the word Juan is very symbolic in terms of giving the medium and average families the chance to fly and visit places. This dream is made possible by Cebu Pacific as it offers the lowest prices on the market. CEB started its operations by offering clients to fly domestically in cheap prices. After the initial success, the company was able to fly internationally on November 2001. Now, nine years later, Cebu Pacific is given the license to land in Bangkok, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, Macau, Seoul, Shanghai, Taipei, Singapore, Bangkok and other hot spots across Asia (ibid). It enables every Juan who boards its planes to explore the countries near the Philippines, and to enjoy their stay with the affordable prices. Cebu Pacific Air also boasts to be very safe and reliable, considering its recent re-fleeting program which brought about twenty-nine new planes. These 10 A319 and 11 A320 Airbus planes and 8 ATR 72-500 aircrafts (ibid) gives Cebu Pacific the right to say that it has the youngest fleet in Southeast Asia. Having younger planes gave the airline passengers a sense of security that since the planes are never overhauled, repaired, and manipulated in any way, and the maintenance of the fleet is routine, then their safety will not be compromised despite the low fare. Not only is Cebu Pacific the leader when it comes to low fares, it is also the torchbearer of technology in terms of aviation in the Philippines. It is the first local airline to use e-ticketing (made popular by the American Airlines), prepaid excess baggage and seat selection in the Philippines (ibid). Unlike other domestic airlines, Cebu Pacific not only provides magazines in flight (the magazine is called Smile), but also provides board games and other forms of entertainment, otherwise known as Fun Flights (ibid). Lastly, not only does Cebu Pacific provide low fares that will give peace of mind and assurance to consumers, but it also provides the travelers with a from plane-to bed service after having tied up with destination hotels, travel insurance, entertainment ticketing, travel agencies, travel insurance, and other travel necessities. The Juans could simply board the plane, and upon arrival, ride the rental car arranged for them by the company. Last February 2010, the on-time performance of Cebu Pacific reached 92.5% (ibid), and the company is aiming to raise this to a hundred. With the smooth travels, reliability, and enjoyable flights, it is no wonder that Cebu Pacific is the best choice for air transport in Southeast Asia. 3 Literature Review Though there are many management styles, Cebu Pacific employs people-friendly but firm in the discipline and order area (Manila Bulletin Publishing Corp. 2010). Before the author discusses this particular style, a literature review of workplace related concept would be given to establish the importance of the authors proposed management method to be given later on. 3.1 Air transport in the Philippines Krinks (2002) points out that the air transport was only accessible to citizens with a high social standing, the elites, the famous, tourists, and businesspeople whose travel expenses are being shouldered by their companies. Majority of Filipinos can only dream of flying and visiting foreign places, since to ride an airplane before is synonymous to having a lavish lifestyle. This was before Cebu Pacific came in. Philippine Airlines, the first airline in the Philippines, has dominated the air transport industry in the Philippines for more than five decades. It was first obtained by the Philippine government in 1948, was bought by a private institution in 1965, and was re-taken by the government in 1977. This was when the former President Ferdinand Marcos issued a decree saying that PAL should be the sole domestic carrier (Krinks 2002) in the Philippines. When former President Marcos was ousted, President Corazon Aquino then started turning Philippine Airlines as a private company. By 1993, Lucio Tan was the major stockholder, and from then on, Philippine Airlines enjoyed the privilege of dominating the Philippine skies without competitors. By 1995, former President Ramos re-build two airports in the Philippines and made their sizes to be globally competitive. The Manila and Mactan (in Cebu) airports were the major airstrips in the country, and Ramos urged competitors to take advantage of the five new airports with international flights. By 1996, Cebu Pacific entered the picture by giving the lowest rates possible without incurring loses for the company. PALs maket share fell a whooping 65%, and it continued to decline by losing billions of pesos from that year onwards. By 2000, PAL was indebt to an amount totaling to $2.2 billion, and Cebu Pacific was being embraced by the Filipinos. The air transport industry is currently being shared by Cebu Pacific Air, Grand Air, Air Philippines, Philippine Airlines, Asia Spirit, and Corporate Air (ibid). Along with the opening of NAIA 3 came the opportunity for Cebu Pacific to display to its counterparts that it is a force to be reckoned with. When the third Ninoy Aquino International Airport was opened in Villamor, Pasay City, Cebu Pacific was the one who first launched a flight in the airport (Manila Bulletin Publishing Corp. 2010). Airport General Manager Alfonso Cusi for NAIA 3 said that the airport had an agreement with CEB that the airline will fully utilized the terminal for their regional flights (ibid). 4 Proposed Workplace Relations Approach Cebu Pacifics laidback friendly approach to its employees are working and motivating people, but the lax in discipline and respect could be further improved. A domineering or autocratic style of management could work as well, but according to Thomas (1997), this type of leadership could fail at one point or another. But since Cebu Pacific needs to regroup and to change its system in order to earn more revenue, it is time for the airline to think about its workplace relations approach. An organization requires the utilization of a complex array of resources to grow, survive and achieve the ultimate mission or objectives that informed its existence or creation. The mobilization and deployment of these resources human, financial and material in the right resource-mix, gives the organization leverage toward the desired end. Of these resources, the human resource is the most potent and central, contributing significantly to corporate bottom line and competitiveness. The organization therefore gains sustained competitive advantage through people, the organization workforce. Competitive advantage is simply defined as anything that gives an organization an edge over the competitors in its market. According to Porter (1985), the unique talents among employees, including flexibility, innovation, superior performance, high productivity and personal customer service are ways employees provide a critical ingredient in developing a firms competitive position. Similarly, Chiavenato (2001) notes that employees are purveyors of activities and knowledge whose most important contributions in the organization are their intelligence and individual talents. There is agrowing consensus that effective management of human capital is critical to an organizations success (Barney Wright, 1998; Jackson, Hitt DeNisi, 2003; Akhtar, Ding Ge, 2008). Managing the human resources in the organization is the traditional responsibility of the personnel manager, a precursor to human resource management (HRM). Some scholars however equate HRM with personnel management, concerned with providing staff support in the organization (e.g. Guest, 1989). Other scholars consider HRM as a natural development of personnel management practices in the face of changing economic and business environment (Armstrong, 1989 2004; and Fajana, 2002). The people-management discipline is undergoing continuous metamorphosis, with the recent emergence of strategic human resource management (SHRM) in organization and management literature. In a recent review covering 30 years, Lengnick-Hall, Lengnick-Hall, Andrade Drake (2009) present an evolutionary and chronological perspective on the development of SHRM. The authors identify the following seven themes which influenced the development of the field of SHRM: (1) explaining contingency perspective and fit, (2) shifting from a focus on managing people to creating strategic contributions, (3) elaborating HR system components and structure, (4) expanding the scope of SHRM, (5) achieving HR implementation and execution, (6) measuring outcomes of SHRM, and (7) evaluating methodological issues. SHRM is evolving as a new approach to the management of people, and specifically focusing on integrating the human capital to business strategy to enhance organizational competitiveness. According to Aswathappa (2004:39), the advent of SHRM has brought forward the issues of linkages between the employer-employee relationships and wider organizational strategies and corporate objectives. 4.1 Outsourcing How would one be able to increase revenue yet save money at the same time? Rival Philippine Airlines has already resorted to outsourcing. Yet Somani (2005) argues that there are many problems in outsourcing, in terms of miscommunication-misunderstandings that are the result of misinterpreted content, tone or word choice-as it relates to people management. This is a problem since by outsourcing, the company is obliged to employ people who speak different languages with no upbringing of the Cebu Pacific culture. They will not be the fun, committed individuals who have served the Juans of Cebu Pacific through the years. Somani (2005) gives a portrait of outsourcing which could easily happen should the company decide to outsource its services: an outsourced project team member mistook a debt of Ã £95 million as credit, and created a report saying as such. The company then included the Ã £95 million to the already overextended credit line. Needless to say, instead of saving money by outsourcing, it only made them lose Ã £95 million more. Cebu Pacific aims to bring people together to have an enjoyable flight through affordable means and the staffs willingness and eagerness to serve with a true heart (Cebu Pacific 2010). If the backbone of the operation (i.e., the ground operation, the ticketing staff, the check in counter people) were being outsourced to other nations, then this soul for service that Cebu Pacific is known for would be changed. The airline would only be another airline who wishes to increase money. 4.2 Solution Berman, E.M, West, J.P., and Richter, M. Jr. (2002) says that the workplace friendships and relations encouraged by a company derives from mutual trust, commitment, reciprocal liking and shared interests or values. These behaviors are present in CEB employees as they mingle and explore new challenges as led to them by team leaders. QM has been adopted widely by most organizations. Previous research has suggested that successful quality management requires a series of people management practices such as training, development, and empowerment. Despite ample findings on the impact of QM on organizational and individual performance, less attention has been paid to employees actual behavior during the implementation of people management practices. The present study, therefore, contributes to the literature by going beyond the employees perception and reaction toward QM implementation and identifying employees potential behavior when implementing QM. Yet when it comes to disciplining, this friendly approach could prove to be fatal. Managers might make wrong decisions because their view is not objective and forming personal friendships with the people they are in charge of could cause complications and conflict of interests in the future. A way to avoid such is to get the assistance of an outstanding Quality Assurance Director. There would be three organizational heads which will help the company: a Quality Assurance Director, an Operations Director, and a Management Director. The most promising would rise to the title of Overall Director, and would report directly to the current heads Mr. Jose Buenaventura, and CEO of Cebu Pacific Lance Gokongwei. Having this additional structure in place would give the directors more focus on their tasks in their department: for human resource management, operations, and quality assurance. Once these three aspects are strengthened and formed, then the rest of the organization would follow. This is the proposed structure for Cebu Pacific: Director, CEO and President Board of Directors Overall Director Senior Consultants Executive Officers Figure 1.1 Proposed Structure for Cebu Pacific The current structure of Cebu Pacific is as follows: Figure 1.2 Current structure of Cebu Pacific As one can see, having the Board of directors in the same level as the senior consultants, executive officers, and the overall director would prove to be beneficial since the companys top people are closely working together. There would be no discrepancy in positions, as there would be different functions for each person. 4.3 Management Approach After implementing the proposed structure for Cebu Pacific (Figure 1.1), then the companys management approach should be changed as well. The informal, friendly atmosphere must be changed. The managers must be more diligent in imposing the rules, yet be flexible enough to the changes. The managers will cease to be lenient with their teams, and push each team member to produce more results and more revenue for the company. Watching movies while working in their desktop computers, having four break-times in an eight-hour work day, and games in desktop computers would all be removed. There would only be three break times in an eight-hour work day: at 10:00 to10:15 in the morning, 12:00 to 1:00 PM for the lunch break, and a 3:00 to 3:15 PM break. This will maximize the potential of employees and remove those who are skiving off work. While people management practices involve extensive communication, employee participation, and teamwork, it is expected those practices would facilitate individuals pro-social values motive. In addition, Nair (2006) suggests that QM is now most widely accepted organizational goal and is believed to be essential for effective management and competitive survival of organizations. This organizational-wide consensus with respect to QM as organizational goal and QM as a means of competitive survival may lead to the increasing in individuals desire to help the organization even when they need to do more than their job descriptions stated. In sum, if people management practices are heavily emphasized in QM implementation, it is expected to motivate both organizational concern and pro-social values motives of organizational citizenship behavior. There are employees who were caught watching movies while working, with their Windows Media Player minimized. There are also those who are spending the office hours by playing Solitaire and other games that were initially installed in all desktops. It would then be implemented that all computer programs and softwares that are not work related would be uninstalled, and employees will no longer have the access to install programs. Each program from an anti-virus to Auto CAD for the engineering department and Adobe softwares for the marketing team would need to be installed by the IT department. Instant messaging systems such as Yahoo! Messenger, Skype, and others would be removed as well. In its place would be the intranet which would have the same function, the only difference is that only colleagues and co-workers would be able to talk to the employees, and there would be no distraction and other impediments that are hindering the productivity of a team to flourish. 5 Basis for critical success factors The author strongly believes that changing the organizational structure of Cebu Pacific and installing powerful and over-qualified people in the positions of Overall Director, Quality Assurance Director, Managing Director, and Managing Director could prove to be beneficial for the company. There would be a clear distinction of tasks and responsibilities. Unlike to what the company has now wherein there are different vice presidents per sector under the Executive Officers, there are areas that are forgone and are ignored, such as Quality Assurance, which is a crucial part of an airline. Having no Quality Assurance director in place means that Cebu Pacific is compromising the lives of its millions of passengers since there are no routinely assured processes that would indicate that a plane is safe for flying. Though Cebu Pacific Airs fleet is young and robust, this will not be the same in five to ten years time. A fleet would have to be maintained rigorously and each decision should conform to the manuals of FAA and other aviation regulators. Changing the management habits of higher ups would also prove to be of valuable contribution to the company. The employees look up to their division managers, section managers, and team leaders to set an example. If the manager is always leaving his or her place to smoke, or is caught doing things that are not work related, then the morale of the team would fall and all efforts would be ineffective. It is important that the management be able to invoke respect and awe in the members to make the most out of their potential and to maximize their talents. If a leader is lenient with no concern for the company, then the team it is managing as well would feel the same way. Knowledge, competence, and related intangibles have emerged as the key drivers of competitive advantage in developed nations. This is not just because of the importance of knowledge itself, but because of the rapid expansion of goods and factor markets, leaving intangible assets as the main basis of competitive differentiation in many sectors. There is implicit recognition of this in both management theory and practice with the growing emphasis being placed on the importance of intangible assets, reputation, customer loyalty, and technological know-how. By using a good structure like learning organization we will have organizational structure that have the ability to support the Intellectual capital in todays market. So todays organizations should try to use this paradigm (learning organizations) to be competitive. Also because our contemporary organizations may differ from the traditional organizations and so we should implement new skills to be learning organization so that our staff can adjust themselves with new technologies. Also can sense the weak signals in the environment and can reply the prosper answer to them. In this situation our managers and executives and CEOs can effectively manage the Intellectual Capital in the organization. Successful managers as well as businesses have been overseeing intellectual capital one way or another right from the start, whether deliberately or intuitively. This though, does not denote that they have an Intellectual Capital Model (ICM) program or strategy. Overseeing intellectual capital as a topic of common business sense is not adequate for the expansion of intellectual capital model like an organizational capability. It is simply when a management style shifts from being instinctively applied to a planned and systemized development that it can be completed. Only then can it be significantly altered from being an art developing into a science. Once it evolves into a science, it turn out to be testable, measurable, more predictable, furthermore, most importantly, repeatable. Even if organizations that pertain intellectual capital model progress this goal, there is, nonetheless, a long road of experimentation along with applied research ahead for the up-and-coming area of intellectual capital model to develop into more of a science. (ICM, 2009) 6 Conclusion The Cebu Pacific legacy as the countrys low-fare pioneer when it comes to air transport continues to this very day. Two years ago Cebu Pacific contributed 45% of the air traffic in the Philippines by carrying 2.57 million passengers in six months time (Manila Bulletin Corp. 2010). This legacy should be protected, so that it would continue to transcend for future generations to come. Given that Cebu Pacifics management style is people-friendly, there are those employees who are taking advantage of the lenient management of their team leaders, section managers, and division managers. It is time to put a stop to that. Personal relationships should between higher ups and employees should be avoided in order to ensure that the managers decisions for the teams welfare would not be compromised because of personal reasons. It is also important that the managers learn how to be firm and demanding, to push their team members to produce more output rather than letting them go at the pace that they want. A team without a clear direction is eating at the funds set by the company for development. It is important that managers be able to adapt and learn how to be rigorous in leading their people. The author proposed that at least initially, the following changes should be made in the staff-manager ratio: lesser breaks, removal of not work related computer programs, and removal of instant messaging systems which would be replaced by an intranet for the company. These changes are small and gradual, yet they would have a positive effect on employees. If the staff members logs in to their computer and there is nothing there but work related stuff, then there would be less distraction and the employees would be able to function to the best of their abilities. Having lesser breaks removes the chances of employees asking for overtime pay for leaving their cubicles during working hours to do personal chores and to return after the 5:30 end of shift to file for overtime to compensate for the hours they lost. The author also suggested that the organizational structure of Cebu Pacific be changed in order to meet the demands of this technologically advancing world. Outsourcing is not an option since this could only mean more money spent because of miscommunication. The best way is to restructure the management in terms of putting emphasis in Quality. Having an emphasis on quality will ensure that future plane crashes would be avoided, equipment malfunction would be minimized, and the Juans would have peace of mind when flying with Cebu Pacific. The goal of Cebu Pacific as Southeast Asias cheapest fare provider is to give every Juan a chance to fly and explore new worlds by traveling. Having directors in place with specific functions would be vital for the company since Cebu Pacific would be able to focus on having good quality without compromising safety. With proper management, a good structure, and more dedicated people, Cebu Pacific Air would go miles it has never been to before. There would be savings in terms of not having to pay more overtime fees for those who are not deserving, and savings for big replacements which would be avoided by routine checks. With all these changes, Cebu Pacific would be able to give every Juan the chance to relieve a dream: to fly in the skies without worrying for their safety, and the bills they are leaving behind. Now they can fly cheaply, safely, and with no worries since the management has dedicated its time to ensuring their safety in terms of Quality Assurance.
Saturday, January 18, 2020
In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s socioeconomic world, there is no room for slacking off or failure. People are seen as individuals who earn their social status and there is much pressure to succeed. In the plays, Ã¢â¬Å"The Glass MenagerieÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"A Streetcar Named DesireÃ¢â¬ both written by Tennessee Williams, there are two main characters who are not capable of living in the present and have a difficult time facing reality. Amanda Wingfield, the mother from Ã¢â¬Å"The Glass MenagerieÃ¢â¬ and Blanche Dubois, StellaÃ¢â¬â¢s sister in Ã¢â¬Å"A Streetcar Named DesireÃ¢â¬ have many similar characteristics and life styles that are discovers throughout each play. In the article Ã¢â¬Å"Tennessee Williams and the Predicament of WomenÃ¢â¬ written by Louise Blackwell both of these women are defined as Ã¢â¬Å"Women who have learned to be maladjusted through adjustment to abnormal family relationships and who strive to break through their bondage in order to find a mateÃ¢â¬ . Each woman played an important role, affecting everyone they came encounter with, starting with the earlier years when they women were Ã¢â¬Å"southern bellesÃ¢â¬ . In order for these two characters to deal with the complications in their lives they resort to living in their own fantasy worlds of deception and lies. Amanda Wingfield is the mother of Tom and Laura, a middle-aged southern belle whose husband has abandoned her and their children several years earlier. Amanda spends her time reminiscing about the past and nagging her children. She is completely dependent on her son Tom for finical support and holds him fully responsible for her daughter LauraÃ¢â¬â¢s future. Amanda is obsessed with her past as she constantly reminds Tom and Laura of Ã¢â¬Å"One Sunday afternoon in the Blue Mountain__ your mother received__ seventeen!__gentlemen callers!Ã¢â¬ (1050). The reader cannot even be sure if this actually happened or if this is an over exaggerated story that she made up. However, it is clear that despite its possible falsity, Amanda has come to believe it. Amanda also refuses to acknowledge that her daughter Laura is cripples and refers to her handicap as Ã¢â¬Å"a little defect-hardly noticeableÃ¢â¬ (1056). Only for brief moments does she ever admit that her daughter is crippled and then she resorts back into her world of denial and delusion. Amanda is constantly worrying about LauraÃ¢â¬â¢s future and pushing Tom to find a man for Laura. When Tom finally finds a caller for Laura,Ã Amanda blows the meeting out of proportion and believes that this man will marry her daughter after their first meeting. The night when the young man comes to meet Laura, Amanda wears the same gown she wore on the day that she met her husband. This makes her realize that she chose the wrong man, a man who left her and her children to struggle through life while he went and chased his dreams. Amanda chooses to live in a fantasy world of dreamy recollections not accepting the present reality of her life. Blanche Dubois the main character in the play Ã¢â¬Å"A Streetcar Named DesireÃ¢â¬ is a hypersensitive, neurasthenic, faded southern belle who moves from her home town after a rough patch, to live with her younger sister Stella and StellaÃ¢â¬â¢s husband Stanley. A main element in finding out who Blanche really is, is discovering the real reason for her move to New Orleans to live with her sister. After the death of her husband, every aspect of her life slowly started to fall apart and left her with a huge void to fill. She admitted to this, at one point in the story, Ã¢â¬Å"that after the death of Allen (her husband) intimacies was the only thing that seemed to be able to fill her empty heartÃ¢â¬ . Blanche thought that having sexual relations with men would somehow fill the void in her heart. This type of behavior got Blanche into trouble in her hometown. While teaching high school English, Blanche had an affair with a seventeen-year-old student. This destroyed her career and ruined her reputation forcing her to relocate to New Orleans with Stella. From the first moment Blanche steps into her sisterÃ¢â¬â¢s home one can sense exactly what Blanche is, or at least what she chooses to be. In appearance, she is a glamorous, ladylike aristocrat, who is perhaps slightly nervous. She parades about the house as if she is a regal figure, wearing elegant gowns and delicate jewelry. However, this is merely a facade, Blanche is broke and homeless. Although Blanche was once a kind, normal, sweet girl, her very being has deteriorated. Now, all thatÃ¢â¬â¢s left is what she struggles desperately to maintain on the outside. It is obvious, even as Blanche desperately attempts to imitate a respectable lady, that there is something terribly wrong with her. She even admits it while speaking with Stella, Ã¢â¬Å"I want to be near you, got to be with somebody, I canÃ¢â¬â¢t be alone! Because Ã¢â¬â as you must have noticed Ã¢â¬â IÃ¢â¬â¢m Ã¢â¬â not very wellÃ¢â¬ . Amanda and Blanche are similar in the ways they conduct themselves and how they rely on other people to fill voids in their lives. Both women escape reality by living in illusionary worlds and by reminiscing about the past. They rely heavily on men and are desperate to get one. Blanche and Amanda drive everyone crazy causing their own families to slowly drift away from them. While these characters stay the same, the rest of the world around them is continually changing. This explains the twos repeated failures in life. The major characters in these plays are so warped and their lives so distorted and perverted by fantasies that each is left with only broken fragments of what might have been. Their failure to recognize what is happening in their lives, explains how they are unstable people who cannot fend for themselves.
Friday, January 10, 2020
Kids, Work and Uc Essay Samples Uc Essay Samples - Is it a Scam? Explore Our UC Personal Statement Prompt Example don't hesitate to take a look at our private statement samples supplied by our expert writers on various topic areas. Wisdom is found in the most surprising of places, if you merely search for it. People started to stare at me. Generally speaking, the very first, setup, section of the essay needs to be shorter, as it is not going to be focused on what you were doing. Generally, 1 essay can become your own personal statement for different applications. Really, the application essays are a lot closer to a quick story. The very first portion of this essay is all about problem-solving. Essentially, the author takes a massive risk with the topic of the essay, but with good logic and superior writing, defends the case well. The second portion of this essay would like you to examine the present instead. It wants to know whether this mindset of out-of-the-box-ness is something you are already comfortable with. Stephen's essay is quite effective. Unique things to various men and women, since the situation demanded. By the conclusion of high school, several of the experiences which you're most proud of don't have a tendency to be the sort of things that wind up on your resume. Before you can create your community a better place, you've got to locate the things that could be ameliorated. This is, naturally, the most important facet of the prompt. The second section should choose the remaining part of the space. Instead it prescribes a means to read. There is not anything wrong with this sort of pickespecially if you truly are a person who tends to excel in those classes which are right up your interest alley. It usually means that any time you wish to describe an individual or thing as having a specific quality, it's much better to illustrate with an example than to just utilize vague adjectives. The Honest to Goodness Truth on Uc Essay Samples Academic transcripts have to be connected to the UC application (transfer). We're certain that you'll receive the best from UC personal statements samples. It is very important to enable the committee know that which you have achieved throughout recent years. In this instance, it's college admissions officers who need to come across students that are eager to learn and be exposed to new ideas and ideas. It is possible to also find a variety of discounts on our site which will help you to save some more money for future orders or anything you want to spend them on. Sure, you'll have a framework for your curriculum, and you'll have advisers accessible to helpbut for the large part, you are going to be on your own to take care of the situations which will inevitably arise when you mix to your diverse peers. For instance, you may substantiate your selection of a specific major or your interest in studying with certain faculty on the campus. The UC system has ever had one primary application that all of the campuses share. There's, naturally, a limit on the variety of pages even our very best writers can produce with a pressing deadline, but usually, we figure out how to satisfy all the clients seeking urgent assistance. He laughed and explained that it turned out to be a fine change a seventeen-year-old knew so specifically what she wished to do. Univerities of the planet, a cata logue. The overall task is comparable, however. You have to proofread and edit again to ensure there aren't any mistakes. Before you may fix an issue, you must understand that the problem exists. My capacity to communicate benefited me allowing me to obtain a remedy to an unanticipated issue. Explain your reason behind transferring if you're applying from a four-year institution or a community college beyond California. Even more than knowing that you had the ability to fix the issue, colleges wish to observe how you approached the circumstance. Then higher school happened. By the conclusion of your essay, you have to have convinced USC that it's the ideal school that will help you obtain your dreams and that, given the chance, you would take whole benefit of their resources as a way to get those dreams. Therefore, if you're not already committed to a particular plan of study, don't worry. Not only are you going to describe the challenge itself, but you will chat about what you d id when faced with that. Cynicism is much too simple to fall into.
Wednesday, January 1, 2020
Freedom Riders were activists who rode interstate transports into segregated southern states. The Freedom riders started their rides in 1961. They additionally rode into the southern states to backing up the decisions of the United States Supreme Court in many court cases ruling segregation unconstitutional. The Southern states disregarded the decisions and the federal government did nothing to help in the implementation of the laws. The first Freedom Ride left Washington, D.C., on May 4, 1961, and was scheduled to arrive in New Orleans at some point on May 17. The Boynton case, which ruled that segregation on public transportation such as buses was unconstitutional, outlawed segregation in the restaurants and waiting areas in terminals that served buses that drove across state borders. About five years before the ruling, the Interstate Commerce Commission had issued a ruling in another court case that had denounced the Plessy v. Ferguson doctrine of separate but equal in interstate bus travel. The Interstate Commerce Commissioin failed to enforce its ruling, and Jim Crow laws remained enforced throughout the South. The Freedom Riders tested this decision and poor implementation of the law by riding the buses in the South in blended racial groups to test neighborhood laws or traditions that upheld seating segregation on buses. The Freedom Rides, and the brutal responses: stirred outrage, and supported the Civil Rights Movement. They called national attention to theShow MoreRelatedThe Freedom Riders For African Americans1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWho are the Freedom Riders you may ask? They were a courageous and daring group, which originally consisted of seven African Americans and six Whites.They fought for the equality and justice for their race. They fought against the racist South during the early 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. Their goal was to make a safer and more fair world for current and future African Americans in the United States. They went through hardship and violence from things such as, angry mobs and racist law enforcement through a period ofRead MoreFreedom Riders, By John Lewis, A Former Fre edom Rider1087 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis quote from John Lewis, a former Freedom Rider I believe with those words perfectly describes why these Freedom Riders began their journey. After reading the textbook, Visions of America and watching the video clip from American Experience of Freedom Riders I was able to make myself knowledgeable about Freedom Riders. Both the textbook and the video I thought engaged me into the information I was either reading or listening. So, what exactly are Freedom Riders, what were the impacts of this eventRead MoreEssay on Freedom Riders1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Freedom Riders were a group of college students and leaders of various racial equality organizations, both blacks and whites, which tested the law of integration for public transportation. The law was instated, but Alabama especially didnÃ¢â¬â¢t follow it. The Freedom Riders rode buses into the cities to see if the townspeople accepted or declined the new law. They in turn ended up beat ing, pummeling, and chasing the riders out of town with the white mobs. The Freedom Riders violently fought the segregationRead MoreFreedom Riders: Rebels with a Cause1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFreedom Riders: Rebels with a Cause Ã¢â¬Å"If not us, then who? If not now, then when? Will there be a better day for it tomorrow or next year? Will it be less dangerous then? Will someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s children have to risk their lives instead of us risking ours?Ã¢â¬ -- John Lewis May 16, 1961, to other Nashville students considering joining the Freedom Rides John Lewis, a young black man who was born in the South, participated in the Freedom Rides. His statement rang true when Nashville students were facedRead MoreFreedom Riders By Rosa Parks Actions And Advised By Martin Luther King Jr.1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFreedom riders fought for racial equality among African Americans in America in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. Their purpose was to first stop segregation of transportation, and then later expand to racial equality everywhere. They were inspired by Rosa parks actions and advised by Martin Luther King Jr. The freedom riders protests lasted 7 months with about 400 members participating in them. Riders were supported by the Congress for Racial Inequality or CORE. Throughout history the southern states has been a placeRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement: Freedom Rides Essay1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDuring the Civil Rights Movement, African Americans sought to have their Constitutional Rights permitted. One form of protesting came forth in the f orm of the Freedom Rides. After slavery ended, many amendments and laws were created to ensure the rights of African Americans, but because of prejudices and racism, most of these were ignored. The Supreme Courts decision in Plessy v. Fergunson established separate but equal on interstate transportation in 1896, but in 1947 the Supreme Court foundRead MoreThe Freedom Riders Essay1090 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Freedom Riders were a group of around 13 people. Most of them were African Americans but there were always a few white skinned people in the group as well. There was no set leader for the Freedom Riders. The Freedom Riders rode interstate buses into the Southern United States. The south was referred to as the most segregated part of the U.S. The main goal of the Freedom Riders was to desegregate and become Ã¢â¬Å"separate but equal.Ã¢â¬ They had also set out to defy the Jim Crow Laws. The Freedom RidersRead MoreFreedom Riders Speech788 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesled to violence. In 1960, a group of brave people of a variety races came up with the idea of Ã¢â¬Å"Freedom RidesÃ¢â¬ . They knew the consequences of their cause, a 13 person group, protesting against something that most of the world stood for, and yet they still did everything they could do , to help end it. The Freedom RidersÃ¢â¬â¢ goals were to Ã¢â¬Å"challenge the non-enforcement of the united states supreme court decisions Morgan vs. virginiaÃ¢â¬ (quizlet.com). The reason why they fought with Read MoreThe Freedom Riders Essay1553 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthis time, segregation was legal. In 1892, the Supreme Court had ruled that a state could separate whites and blacks as long as the services were equal. On May 4, 1961, a diverse group of thirteen courageous individuals known as the Freedom Riders embarked on a bus journey into the South in order to challenge segregation in bus terminals. Although many individuals believed that segregation was wrong, many southern states continued to practice racial segregation. Racial segregation is the separationRead MoreFreedom Riders By Rosa Parks Actions And Advised By Martin Luther King Jr.1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFreedom riders fought for racial equality among African Americans in America in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. Their purpose was to first stop segregation of transportation, and then later expand to racial equality everywhere. They were inspired by Rosa parks actions and advised by Martin Luther King Jr. The freedom riders protests lasted 7 months with about 400 members participating in them. Riders were supported by the Congress for Racial Inequality or CORE. Throughout history the southern states has been a place